Can you imagine what it might be like to be very small? For butterflies, or for that matter any other insect or bug, the grass seems as thick as the forest and flowers as tall as trees.
Being small seems very scary, but it can also be quite useful. For you see the bugs and insects of the world can hide anywhere to be safe from birds, frogs, other sharp-eyed animals and of course from us!
Picture this: beautiful butterflies fluttering through the damp rain forest, flashing their brightly colored wings. Wouldn't that be a gorgeous sight to see?
Butterflies are active during the day feeding on flowers. They suck up the sweet nectar with their long, curly tongues. That is because butterflies cannot bite or chew.
There are about 150,000 kinds of butterflies and they and their caterpillars come in all sorts of colors and sizes.
Butterflies have a head, thorax, abdomen, six legs, and two antennae. Most have four wings. The wings of butterflies are covered with tiny scales that seem to shimmer in the daylight. Some of them are brightly colored. Others have bold patterns or scary eyespots. When a butterfly flashes its wings at its enemies, it confuses them, and gives itself time to escape the danger that they might be in.
Butterflies will stop and rest with their wings closed. They camouflage themselves from the enemies by blending into the background of tree trunks, flowers, grass, and other vegetation, as stated above.
Some butterflies migrate each year. The most famous butterfly that migrates is the monarch. The monarch lives in the United States and Canada during the summer months. In the fall and winter months they fly to Mexico, southern California, and Florida. In the spring they begin their journey back north.
Butterflies are found in all parts of the world with the exception of the polar regions.
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